India's new labour codes

Overview of 4 Codes | State wise status | Download Notified Rules

The 4 Labour Codes are expected to do to the HR function what GST did to the Finance function.

Being in making for years, the Government and businesses have been preparing for the rollout. While the Central Government intends to implement these codes across all States and Union Territories (UTs) at one go, the preparedness of states is a challenge. To achieve the same, the government has extended the implementation date on many occasions.

These repeated extensions have created anxieties and confusions amongst the businesses and they are often struggling to understand the status of State level Rules. We have thus compiled the status of the Rules notified by the States and UTs and vowed to keep it updated with every change.

SYNOPSIS OF THE 4 LABOUR CODES

Code on Wages, 2019

The Code on Wages, 2019 amalgamates and simplifies the provisions of 4 Central Labour Laws, namely:

  • The Payment of Wages Act, 1936
  • The Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  • The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

Under the new Wages Code, allowances are capped at 50 per cent. This means half of the gross pay of an employee would be basic wages.

The concept of ‘Floor-Wage’ restricts the State Government from lowering the minimum wages below the ‘Floor-Wage’ fixed by the Central Government.

The Code aims to:

  • Transform the existing Labour laws into comprehensible and transparent ones
  • Removes the multiplicity of wage definitions, which can reduce compliance burden and Legal proceedings on Companies & Employers
  • Universalize the timelines for the payment of wages to all the employees irrespective of amount of wage and sector of working.

Read More >>

Industrial Relation Code, 2020

The Industrial Relations Code amalgamates and repeals 3 Labour Laws, namely:

  • The Trade Unions Act, 1926
  • The Industrial Employment (Standing Order), 1946
  • The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

The Code contains 14 chapters, 104 sections and 3 schedules consolidating the provisions of settlement of Industrial disputes, trade unions, lay-off, and retrenchment, closure of any undertaking, formation of Work Committee, Constitution of Industrial Tribunal and related provisions.

The Code aims to:

  • Provides a wide definition of Industry including every form of organizational and institutional activity that results in production and supply of goods or services
  • Draws a cue of systematic activities between employer and employees, employer and workman and employer and employer
  • Provides a threshold of workers or employees for multiple provisions such as Constitution of Work Committee, Grievance Redressal Committees and preparing Standing Orders.

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Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020

Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 (OSHWC) subsumes 13 Labour Laws into single Code, namely:

  • The Factories Act, 1948
  • The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970
  • The Mines Act, 1952
  • The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986
  • The Building & Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996
  • The Plantations Labour Act, 1951
  • The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
  • The Working Journalist and other News Paper Employees (Conditions of Service and Miscellaneous Provision) Act, 1955
  • The Working Journalist (Fixation of rates of wages) Act, 1958
  • The Cine Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers Act, 1981
  • The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
  • The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976
  • The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966

The Code applies to a Factory having 20 or more workers and offers significant provisions in terms of ease of doing business for small entities and startups. It contains 143 provisions after subsuming 633 provisions of above mentioned 13 Laws.

The Code aims to:

  • Harmonize the definitions of Employee, Employer and Interstate Migrant Worker
  • Empowers the Central Government to constitute a National Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Board
  • Replacing multiple Registrations and Returns under various enactments with one common Registration, one License and one Return
  • Appointment of Welfare Officers is mandatory for Factories with a threshold of 250 workers.

Read More >>

Code on Social Security, 2020

Code on Social Security (CoSS), 2020 also amalgamates and simplifies the provisions of 9 Labour Laws with respect to social security, namely:

  • The Employee's Compensation Act, 1923
  • The Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948
  • The Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
  • The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
  • The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
  • The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
  • The Cine-Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
  • The Building and Other Construction Workers' Welfare Cess Act, 1996
  • The Unorganised Workers' Social Security Act, 2008

The Code applies to any Establishment subject to size threshold be notified with a principle aim to extend social security to all establishments either organized or unorganized or any other sector.

The significant change introduced in this Code is inclusion of Gig or Platform Workers. It empowers Central Government to launch various schemes with respect to social security of workers.

Key points of the Code:

  • Enhanced coverage of provisions by including Inter-State Migrant, Gig workers, Fixed term employees and all sectors of establishments
  • National database of Online portals by making the Registration procedure simple and at single platform
  • Electronic database to maintain all records and returns
  • Uniformity in definition of Wages, Employer, Home based workers, Self-employed workers etc.
  • Introducing provisions for Social Security Organization to maintain finance and accounts and frame a budget as well
  • The EPF, EPS, and ESI schemes will be financed through contributions from the employer and the employee. In case of EPF, the employer and the employee each will make contributions of 10% of wages
  • Provides procedure for re-employment of retrenched workers.

Read More >>

STATE WISE STATUS OF NEW LABOUR CODES

Published Labour Codes Awaited Labour Codes

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Ladakh Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu Lakshadweep National Capital Territory of Delhi Puducherry Jammu and Kashmir
Central Labour Codes
Code on Wages, 2019
  1. Codes on Wages (central) Rules.
  2. Code on Wages (Central Advisory Board) Rules.
Industrial Relation Code, 2020
  1. Industrial Relation (Central) Rules.
  2. Recognition of Negotiating Union or Negotiating Council and Adjudication of Disputes of Trade Unions (Central) Rules.
  3. Draft Model Standing Order for Service Sector.
  4. Draft Model Standing Order for Manufacturing Sector & Mining Sector.
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020
  1. The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions (Central) Rules.
  2. Rules for Constitution of Technical Committees under Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code
Code on Social Security, 2020
  1. The Code on Social Security (Central) Rules.
  2. The Code on Social Security (Employee's Compensation) (Central) Rules.
Labour Codes of Andhra Pradesh
Code on Wages, 2019 Andhra Pradesh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Andhra Pradesh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Arunachal Pradesh
Code on Wages, 2019 Arunachal Pradesh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Arunachal Pradesh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Assam
Code on Wages, 2019 Assam - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Assam - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Assam - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Assam - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Bihar
Code on Wages, 2019 Bihar - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Bihar - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Bihar - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Bihar - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Chhattisgarh
Code on Wages, 2019 Chhattisgarh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Chhattisgarh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Chhattisgarh - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Chhattisgarh - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Goa
Code on Wages, 2019 Goa - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Goa - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Goa - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Gujarat
Code on Wages, 2019 Gujarat - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Gujarat - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Gujarat - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Gujarat - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Haryana
Code on Wages, 2019 Haryana - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Haryana - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Haryana - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Haryana - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Himachal Pradesh
Code on Wages, 2019 Himachal Pradesh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Himachal Pradesh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Himachal Pradesh - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Himachal Pradesh - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Jharkhand
Code on Wages, 2019 Jharkhand - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Jharkhand - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Jharkhand - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Jharkhand - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Karnataka
Code on Wages, 2019 Karnataka - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Karnataka - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Karnataka - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Karnataka - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Kerala
Code on Wages, 2019 Kerala - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Kerala - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Madhya Pradesh
Code on Wages, 2019 Madhya Pradesh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Madhya Pradesh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Madhya Pradesh - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Madhya Pradesh - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Maharashtra
Code on Wages, 2019 Maharashtra - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Maharashtra - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Maharashtra - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Manipur
Code on Wages, 2019 Manipur - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Manipur - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Manipur - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Manipur - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Meghalaya
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Mizoram
Code on Wages, 2019 Mizoram - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Mizoram - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Mizoram - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Nagaland
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Odisha
Code on Wages, 2019 Odisha - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Odisha - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Odisha - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Odisha - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Punjab
Code on Wages, 2019 Punjab - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Punjab - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Punjab - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Punjab - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Rajasthan
Code on Wages, 2019 Rajasthan - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Sikkim
Code on Wages, 2019 Sikkim - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Tamil Nadu
Code on Wages, 2019 Tamil Nadu - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Tamil Nadu - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Telangana
Code on Wages, 2019 Telangana - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Telangana - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Telangana - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Tripura
Code on Wages, 2019 Tripura - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Tripura - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Tripura - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Uttar Pradesh
Code on Wages, 2019 Uttar Pradesh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Uttar Pradesh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Uttar Pradesh - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Uttar Pradesh - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Uttarakhand
Code on Wages, 2019 Uttarakhand - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Uttarakhand - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Uttarakhand - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Uttarakhand - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of West Bengal
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Chandigarh
Code on Wages, 2019 Chandigarh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Chandigarh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Chandigarh - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Daman and Diu
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Lakshadweep
Code on Wages, 2019 Awaited
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Delhi
Code on Wages, 2019 Delhi - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Awaited
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Awaited
Labour Codes of Puducherry
Code on Wages, 2019 Puducherry - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Awaited
Code on Social Security, 2020 Puducherry - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Jammu and Kashmir
Code on Wages, 2019 Jammu & Kashmir - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Jammu & Kashmir - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Jammu & Kashmir - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Jammu & Kashmir - Code on Social Security Rules
Labour Codes of Ladakh
Code on Wages, 2019 Ladakh - Code on Wages Rules
Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Ladakh - The Industrial Relations Rules
Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Ladakh - Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Rules
Code on Social Security, 2020 Ladakh - Code on Social Security Rules
S.No Central / State / UT Code on Wages, 2019 Industrial Relation Code, 2020 Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 Code on Social Security, 2020
1 Central
  1. Codes on Wages (central) Rules.
  2. Code on Wages (Central Advisory Board) Rules.
  1. Industrial Relation (Central) Rules.
  2. Recognition of Negotiating Union or Negotiating Council and Adjudication of Disputes of Trade Unions (Central) Rules.
  3. Draft Model Standing Order for Service Sector.
  4. Draft Model Standing Order for Manufacturing Sector & Mining Sector.
  1. The Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions (Central) Rules.
  2. Rules for Constitution of Technical Committees under Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code
  1. The Code on Social Security (Central) Rules.
  2. The Code on Social Security (Employee's Compensation) (Central) Rules.
2 Andhra Pradesh 18-June-2022 18-June-2022 Awaited Awaited
3 Arunachal Pradesh 19-Jan-2022 17-Dec-2021 Awaited Awaited
4 Assam 20-Oct-2021 17-Nov-2021 28-Mar-2022 20-Oct-2021
5 Andaman and Nicobar Awaited Awaited Awaited 28-Feb-2022
6 Bihar 08-Feb-2021 22-Feb-2021 08-Nov-2021 26-Feb-2021
7 Chhattisgarh 25-May-2021 25-May-2021 25-May-2021 27-May-2021
8 Chandigarh 28-Dec-2021 28-Dec-2021 Awaited 28-Dec-2021
9 Delhi 26-Nov-2021 Awaited Awaited Awaited
10 Dadar and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu Awaited Awaited Awaited Awaited
11 Gujarat 05-Oct-2021 05-Oct-2021 30-Dec-2021 16-Nov-2021
12 Goa 23-Sept-2021 21-Oct-2021 Awaited 25-Nov-2021
13 Haryana 16-Sept-2021 16-Sept-2021 16-Sept-2021 16-Sept-2021
14 Himachal Pradesh 07-Aug-2021 29-Sept-2021 23-Now-2021 30-Oct-2021
15 Jharkhand 14-July-2021 14-July-2021 27-Aug-2021 03-Aug-2021
16 Jammu & Kashmir 15-Jan-2021 15-Jan-2021 09-Feb-2021 15-Jan-2021
17 Karnataka 02-Mar-2021 03-May-2021 04-Apr-2022 04-Apr-2022
18 Kerala 14-Dec-2021 Awaited 15-Dec-2021 Awaited
19 Ladakh 1-June-2022 7-June-2022 7-June-2022 1-June-2022
20 Lakshadweep Awaited Awaited Awaited Awaited
21 Madhya Pradesh 23-Dec-2020 09-Feb-2021 09-Mar-2021 26-Feb-2021
22 Maharashtra 03-Sept-2021 3-Dec-2021 Awaited 27-Aug-2021
23 Manipur 19-Nov-2021 19-Nov-2021 19-Nov-2021 19-Nov-2021
24 Meghalaya Awaited Awaited Awaited Awaited
25 Mizoram 10-Nov-2021 17-June-2022 Awaited 8-July-2022
26 Nagaland Awaited Awaited Awaited Awaited
27 Odisha 10-Mar-2021 18-May-2021 01-July-2021 08-June-2021
28 Puducherry 09-Nov-2021 03-Nov-2021, 2-Feb-2022 Awaited 11-Mar-2022
29 Punjab 24-Mar-2021 05-May-2021 17-May-2021 25-Mar-2021
30 Rajasthan 14-July-2021 Awaited Awaited Awaited
31 Sikkim 28-Jan-2022 Awaited Awaited Awaited
32 Tripura 01-June-2021 19-June-2021 Awaited 28-Sept-2021
33 Tamil Nadu 11-Apr-2022 11-Apr-2022 Awaited Awaited
34 Telangana 29-Sept-2021 29-Sept-2021 Awaited 28-Jan-2022
35 Uttar Pradesh 25-Feb2021 18-Feb-2021 23-Mar-2021 03-Mar-2021
36 Uttarakhand 25-Feb-2021 25-Feb-2021 02-Mar-2021 26-Feb-2021
37 West Bengal Awaited Awaited Awaited Awaited

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